Steroids are recognized as organic compounds that have four rings organized to a particular molecular configuration. The examples of steroids are sex hormones, namely, testosterone and estradiol, the dietary lipid-cholesterol and the anti-inflammatory compound dexamethasone. Steroids have a couple of chief biological functions; some steroids such as cholesterol are vital constituents of cell membranes that change membrane fluidity and numerous steroids act as signaling molecules that do arouse steroid hormone receptors. The fundamental structure of steroids comprised of 17 carbon atoms that are attached to four “fused” rings. Steroids are categorized into two parts, anabolic steroids; also called anabolic-androgenic steroids and the other type of steroids are corticosteroids.
Anabolic steroids are often called “roids” or “juice” and they are really the artificial forms of the hormone testosterone. Doctors do prescribe them for treating several diseases but they are highly abused by individuals who wish to transform their physical appearance positively. They are also used for improving performance and there is a big list of performance enhancing agents. Anabolic steroids are taken by bodybuilders to gain muscles, athletes to develop their traits and also by people who try to speed up their recovery process resulted from an injury.There are numerous steroids that are found in animals, fungi and plants too.
Impacts of abusing steroids
Hundreds of people abuse and misuse anabolic steroids and this often result in unpleasant short-term side effects that include fatigue, acne, lessened appetite, mood swings, and trouble in sleeping, restlessness or agitation, impotency and reduced sperm count. Generally, anabolic steroids are injected into your muscles but sometimes injection sites are filled with swelling or infections with regular injection. However, this problem can be avoided if steroid cream is used. Anabolic steroids are addictive too and people who take them continue to take them even when they notice severe side effects. Addiction is proved that people are ready to spend huge amounts of money to possess, hide and use them.
The invention of Steroids
The first ever steroid that was manufactured artificially was testosterone. G Hanisch and Adolf Butenandt were the persons who manufactured them in the month of August in the year 1935. Later, he received Nobel Peace Prize which was for his contribution towards this job. The Russians first used steroids for enhancing their performance in various sports. The first steroid that was ever created for the purpose of performance enhancement is DianabolMethandrostenolone. The positive effects of steroids are huge which are why physicians habitually prescribe them for various reasons. They are useful for treating burn victims, cancer and AIDS patients.
Steroids are highly effective for encouraging the growth of muscles and for inducing male puberty too. Doctors do prescribe steroids for treating allergies and inflammation also and these are done frequently. Almost all the anabolic-androgenic steroids do act as steroid drugs and they are highly recommended for various therapeutic purposes and in this context the only exception is Dianabol. The steroids like Trenbolone and Equipose are effective in the form of veterinary medications and these steroids are never meant for human consumption. The other type of steroids known as Corticosteroids are frequently taken for treating the problem of inflammation and they do not come under the list of performance enhancing agents.